Chapter 1 Introduction to Biology
- Biology is the science of life.
- In Latin 'bios' means life while 'logos' refers to knowledge.
- The study of Biology includes the study of living things, their environment as well as the interaction of living things with their environment.
- Fields of study and careers related to Biology include biochemistry, physiology, genetics, botany, zoology, ecology, microbiology and biotechnology.
- Biological studies like the other sciences emphasise on inquiry and problem solving.
- Scientific skills are important in any scientific investigation like conducting experiments and carrying out projects.
- Scientific investigation involves the following steps:
(i) Observe a situation and identify all the variables.
(ii) Suggest a question that is suitable for a scientific investigation.
(iii) Discuss to
- form a hypothesis
-plan the method of investigation including selection of apparatus and work procedures
(iv) Carry out an experiment
- to collect and tabulate data
- present the data in a suitable form
- interpret the data and draw conclusions
- write a complete report
- Practise scientific attitudes and noble values.
- These include curiosity, critical thinking, being systematic, fair, truthful objective, confident and independent.